Devices known as Acquisition Modules, based on digital interfaces like
USB, FireWire and Gigabit Ethernet. These compact, external modules behave like an external frame grabber, having an interface to one or more cameras at one end and an output to one of the digital interfaces on the other (USB, FireWire or
Gigabit Ethernet) and are used for transferring data to a PC.
This Tech Tip is designed to re-visit the camera interfaces and transmission
standards available for vision systems. Since the last Tech tip on this
subject, over four years ago, there have been a number of new developments.
Chemical Colour Imaging (CCI) makes complex hyperspectral data on a molecular level usable for machine vision. Hyperspectral imaging systems from STEMMER IMAGING based on a generic, intuitive configurable data processing platform developed by Perception Park make the scientific methods of hyperspectral analysis accessible for everyone and open up new application areas.
All machine vision systems rely on the production of an image of sufficient quality to allow the required measurements to be made. Clearly the lens or lens combinations used in the vision system play a crucial role in determining the quality of the image produced. It has an impact on many other factors as well: These include the speed that can be achieved, measuring accuracy, and the reproducibility and reliability of the downstream analysis. Although fixed focus lenses are available, most lenses for machine vision applications are manufactured with metal housings and focus mechanisms.
Inspection is a critical component of HACCP programs in the food industry. Hyperspectral imaging now provides a powerful complementary approach for the machine vision engineer. Its ability to identify differences in the chemical composition of organic materials opens up major new possibilities for detecting impurities in food products. Most importantly, systems are now available that operate in real time, allowing them to be used on high speed production lines.
In principle, every image processing system consists of two basic function units: the image source and the image sink. Today compact CMOS cameras are usually used as the image source in the industrial imaging environment. The image sink is the processing unit that extracts results from the image. Currently this will most likely be a classic PC system based on Intel processors and the Windows operating system.
Imaging is an enabling technology in a vast range of industries. No longer
confined to traditional manufacturing and processing inspection applications,
industrial vision finds applications in industries as diverse as security,
transport, sport, space exploration and even as part of the attempt to set a
new world land speed record in 2015.
LED lighting offers many advantages including ease of use, excellent
flexibility of design, medium to high intensity output, long life and very
good reliability and repeatability - all major benefits when putting together
a vision system.
Gigabit-Ethernet for Machine Vision or, in short, GigE Vision: According to
many experts, the new interface standard and the closely associated generic
software interface GenICam (Generic Interface for Cameras) will give new
impetus to the industrial image processing sector in the near future: The
image processing industry finds itself at a crucial technological watershed!